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A Seasonal Guide To Planning Your Botswana Safari

Botswana is a year-round destination with an enviable 300 days of sunshine a year but anyone planning a safari should take note of the monthly changes in weather and the effect this has on the country's wildlife. For example, rainfall can trigger the zebra migrations, so an understanding of Botswana's seasonal nature is essential if you want your game-viewing expectations to be met. If you are planning a Botswana safari, read on and choose the month that's best for you:

Botswana Seasonal Guide - watch game from the water

Experience exceptional game viewing from the water on the Chobe River. The Chobe ecosystem is renowned for having the densest concentration of elephants in the world and is also famous for massive crocodiles, enormous hippos and wonderful birdlife, including terns and fish eagles.

Botswana Seasonal Guide - animals gather at the waterholes
Botswana Seasonal Guide - dress according to the season

Dry season makes for busy waterholes where even lions and elephants will come to an agreement over the remaining water while Green Season makes for extraordinary photographs.


These two months are together for a simple reason: they're wet. Rumbling afternoon downpours soak the country while the wildlife is either hidden in thick vegetation or wanders off into the remote back country. It's also hot and quite humid, though not tropical.

Despite this, a 'Green Season' Botswana safari can nevertheless deliver incredible game viewing and bird watching. Many antelope give birth (great for predators), migrations are in full swing and the bird watching is sensational.

Head for Botswana's Kalahari parks - the Central Kalahari, Nxai Pan and Makgadikgadi Pans - to see migrating zebra, elephant and buffalo; the Chobe's Savuti region is also great at this time.


Game viewing is heading to the mid-year peak as the rains ease and animals return to more accessible dry-season areas. Vegetation is still thick and temperatures are hot though not as baking as earlier in the year. However, with so much water lying everywhere, March means mosquitoes and bugs. Indeed, March and April are the months with the highest malaria risk, especially in the Chobe River/Zambezi region. Always discuss the risk with your travel clinic - the risk is highest in villages among local communities.

The Kalahari region is still worth visiting, and although it can be a bit hit and miss in Botswana's other reserves, bear in mind that this is Botswana: there are always animals!

Botswana Seasonal Guide - relax around the fire

April and May are pleasant months: many lodges in the Okavango Delta re-open, the temperature cools down and the rains start drying up. These are 'shoulder' months between the summer Green Season and winter peak season.


Arguably the best months to visit Botswana: expect an afternoon shower or two but most days are warm and the nights cool as the rain disappears for the next four months. The landscape is still green but seasonal waterholes are rapidly drying up and animals are arriving at permanent water sources like the Chobe River, Okavango Delta and Moremi Game Reserve.

Poised just before peak season, this is a great time of year to go on a Botswana safari. You'll get all the classic destinations but with fewer other visitors compared to the next few months. The game viewing is often as good as prime time and you could make big savings on accommodation.


Behind Botswana's flawless blue winter skies lies a surprise: it's cold. Admittedly it's not Siberia and by lunchtime you'll probably be in shorts and T-shirt and wondering what all the fuss was about, but night time temperatures can dip below freezing and you'll be wrapped up in blankets on your early morning game drives. But there is no rain, very few mosquitoes and the game viewing is sensational.

Go to the Chobe National Park; the private Linyanti, Kwando and Selinda reserves; Moremi and the Okavango Delta - the latter destination is now in full flood and delivering great game viewing.

Botswana Seasonal Guide - poling through the delta in a mokoro
Botswana Seasonal Guide - a variety of accommodation to suit all seasons

Poling through the Delta on a mokoro is one of Botswana's most beloved safari activities. Many lodges are built right on the water from non-permanent materials to preserve the integrity of this astonishing place.

Botswana Seasonal Guide - quadbiking in the Kalahari

Quad biking in the Kalahari is best done in the mid-year dry season. ATVs are an exciting way to explore this suprisingly rich landscape.


Temperatures are on the increase as are visitor numbers. But so are concentrations of game - peak game-viewing season has arrived. The thinned-out vegetation no longer hides everything, seasonal waterholes are empty and great herds of antelope, elephants and buffalo begin to crowd the banks of rivers and permanent waterholes while Botswana's big predators stake them out.

Go the Chobe River and Savuti regions of the Chobe National Park; the Linyanti, Kwando and Selinda reserves; and the Okavango Delta, especially on its dry-land fringes in Moremi and adjoining private reserves.


Despite being at the end of Botswana's cool dry winter, September and October deliver some of the hottest weather of the year and an occasional thunderstorm. It's classic dry-season stuff: baked and leaf-stripped landscapes; stifling days and sultry nights; and blinding sunshine.

Time to stay away? On the contrary: if you can handle the heat, game viewing at this time ranks among the best in Africa. Huge numbers of animals and their ever attendant predators are clustered around meagre water and grazing sources: you could enjoy once-in-a-lifetime sightings. Read our blog Elephant Eaters of the Savuti to see how just wild things get in Botswana's deep dry season.

The Chobe River is unmissable at this time of year and it's also the best time to go to the Linyanti, Kwando and Selinda reserves. Moremi Game Reserve and the private Okavango Delta reserves can be very rewarding as well.

Botswana Seasonal Guide - Zebra migration in the Savuti

There are at least two known zebra migrations that kick off in November as the herds move towards the Kalahari, which the rains turn from barren desert into a grazing wonderland.


The hot weather begins to cools down by the end of November, and the first rains of the wet season begin to fall. Due to inaccessibility, some lodges close for the wet season from December to April, however with the increasing accessibility of fly-in safaris, this is often no longer the case. There are also the benefits of seeing newly-born calves and cubs, beautiful migrant birds and gorgeous green scenery. November and December are transitionary months that are not quite as hot as October but not as wet as January and February. There is also the benefit of getting great low season rates. 


We've done the planning for you: here are our top recommendations for an unforgettable Botswana safari.

  • Botswana's Delta, Linyanti & Savuti: Explore some of Botswana’s top attractions, like the Okavango Delta and Chobe’s Savuti Channel, on this romantic 7-day fly-in safari. A major highlight of this trip is the elephant interaction offered at the uber-luxurious Abu Camp.
  • Botswana fly-in journeyVisit two luxurious Okavango Delta lodges and an 'under canvas' mobile camp in the wild heart of the Savuti on this romantic 8-day safari. The emphasis of this trip is fantastic game viewing and wonderful local hospitality.
  • Best of Namibia and BotswanaDividing your time equally between the otherworldy beauty of Namibia and world-class game viewing in private Botswana reserves, this 2-week fly-in safari adventure is one of the best and most luxurious ways to experience the highlights of Southern Africa.
  • Botswana and Mozambique idyllic escapeThis superb 14-day African safari combines exceptional game viewing at three of Botswana’s top lodges with the barefoot luxury of a private tropical island in Mozambique. Featuring hand-picked lodges, specifically selected for their uniqueness, this tour is a must-do if you're coming to Africa on a celebratory trip like a honeymoon or anniversary.


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