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The Top 4 Natural Wonders of Secret Africa

There are the well-known and beloved classics of Africa: the golden plains of the Serengeti, the thundering hooves of the Wildebeest Migration, the splendour of Victoria Falls. And then there are the secret gems – the attractions that may not make it onto postcards but which are incredible natural phenomena that belong on every traveller's must-see list. It may take longer to reach them but, as if often the case, the reward is all the sweeter for the extra effort…

the Top 4 Natural Wonders of Secret Africa Raibow
A full moon, cloudless skies & full spray makes for a spectacular 'moonbow' at Victoria Falls. (photo by Calvin Bradshaw)

Secret #1: The Lunar Rainbows of Victoria Falls

Conventional wisdom holds that rainbows occur when the sun shines after rain. At Victoria Falls, this supposedly incontrovertible fact is turned on its head: there is no rain and there is no sun. Instead, ‘moonbows’ occur when the bright glow of a perfect full moon hits the mist caused by the Falls in full flow. They are visible for only three nights a month when the skies are cloudless during the highest water season between January and May.

The better your night vision, the more colours you will be able to see – this is the perfect time to do a really long exposure if you’re a photographer. Interestingly, moonbows used to occur over Niagara Falls but now there is too much light pollution to see them.

How to experience it: Both the Victoria Falls Hotel and The River Club are great places to stay on a lunar rainbow safari. Bear in mind that with ephemeral phenomena like this, there are no guarantees: you need high spray, no clouds and a bright full moon. Luckily, there are plenty of other things to do at Vic Falls - click here for a comprehensive list on land, water and in the air.

the Top 4 Natural Wonders of Secret Africa Elephants
Desert-adapted elephants survive with little water in the world's oldest desert.

Secret #2: Desert-adapted Elephants in Namibia

Elephants live in the riverine forests that skirt the deep waterways they love to bathe in, right? Almost. The Namib is the world’s oldest desert and home to a surprising array of animals that have adapted to this beautiful but bare-bones landscape. Desert-adapted elephants have been known to walk 70 kilometres (about 44 miles) overnight and dig underground to find a source of water, dipping their trunks gratefully into the resulting well (and providing a water source for smaller game in the process).

Unlike their Chobe cousins who sometimes mass together in their hundreds, Namibian desert elephant family groups often consist of a matriarch, one or two sister elephants and their dependent young, making for poignant images of survival against the odds. The only other place in Africa to see desert-adapted elephants is Mali, far to the north.

How to experience it: The 12-day Great Namibian Safari will take you deep into the Namib Desert. You'll also get to see the Sossusvlei dunes, the quaint town of Swakopmund and the big game of Etsoha National Park. And it's not only ellies you're hoping to see; the Namib is also home to scimitar-horned oryx (gemsbok), caracul and - if you're really lucky - even prides of desert-adapted lions.

The Top 4 Natural Wonders of Secret Africa Dunes
You'll find seven colours in these dunes, which resist being washed away in Mauritius's tropical storms.

Secret #3: The Rainbow Dunes of Chamarel

From the yellow and red dunes of Namibia we turn to the rainbow hues of the Coloured Dunes of Chamarel in Mauritius - a natural phenomenon of green, blue, violet, brown, purple, red and yellow sands. This surreal landscape was created when volcanic sands cooled down at different temperatures, resulting in the multiple hues. The other astonishing facts about this little-known phenomenon is that the dunes don't seem to erode, despite the island’s wet tropical climate, and the grains of sand separate spontaneously and naturally into their different colours.

How to experience it:  Lakaz Chamarel, set in nearby lush forests, is an excellent hideaway from which to visit the dunes, and go biking and hiking. In fact, Mauritius is a secret hiking hotspot: head for Tamarin at Flic en Flac, Lion Mountain in the south-east of the island or peaks and gorges of Black River.

the Top 4 Natural Wonders of Secret Africa Lion
The very unusual lions at Lake Manyara pass the heat of the day in the boughs of large trees.

Secret #4: The Tree-climbing Lions of Lake Manyara 

It’s leopards who are considered the tree-climbing big cats of Africa with lions supposedly preferring to remain on the ground. The lions living in the area around Lake Manyara in Tanzania have adopted tree climbing in much the same way as their leopard cousins. No-one is really certain why the prides here choose to rest in the branches of trees but it’s always fascinating to watch a cat weighing between 115 - 180kg (250 - 400 pounds) manoeuvre up and down the boughs of a tree with grace and ease.

How to experience it: Lake Manyara Tree Lodge is the only accommodation within Lake Manyara National Park and offers 10 luxurious suites built on stilts with views out over the savannah that leads down to the lakeshore and its clouds of flamingoes. Manyara is an easy add-on destination for the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater.

Especially for experience safari goers, once you’ve seen the Big 5 in Africa's most iconic destinations, it's time to set yourself a new challenge and discover Africa’s secret gems – the unique places, unusual animals, and almost-mystical natural phenomena.

Written by Angela Aschmann. Connect with her on Google+.

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