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One thing is for sure: Kenya consistently ranks as one of Africa's greatest safari destinations. Every year, thousands of safari goers see the country's astonishing wildlife areas and spectacles like the Great Wildebeest Migration.

Thanks to a mild climate, wide open spaces, and an abundance of wildlife in heavyweight destinations like the Masai Mara and Amboseli, Kenya delivers sensational safari experiences any time of the year.

If you're planning a first-time safari in Kenya, you've come to the right place. Since 1998, we've tailor-made unforgettable trips to the 'birthplace of safari' for thousands of travellers from across the globe. In this handy Kenya safari guide, we share our best planning advice – from travel budgets and the top wildlife areas to Wildebeest Migration timing and the best places to stay.

Location & Landscape

Location & Landscape

Kenya is a fairly small country in East Africa. Its capital and central transport hub is Nairobi, which is more or less in the centre. Safari travellers fly into the international airport known as Jomo Kenyatta and use the domestic airport next door – called Wilson – for connecting flights to safari destinations.

Using Nairobi as a central point, these are the major areas to the north, south, east and west of the capital:

Central Kenya

This is typically where all Kenya safari itineraries start, as Nairobi is the country’s logistical hub. The area around Nairobi also has plenty of conservation areas, the most popular being Nairobi National Park, Lakes Nakuru and Naivasha as well as the Aberdare Mountains. The land is green and lush during the rainy season while the lakes attract plenty of bird- and wildlife.

Nairobi, Kenya
The perfect kiss. Wildlife roaming the grounds. Karen Blixen bedroom suite balcony. Karen Blixen bedroom suite. View from Karen Blixen bedroom suite. Lynn bathroom. Lynn bedroom.

The Giraffe Manor

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Animal interactive experience Day tours High tea on offer

Western Kenya

The biggest name in western Kenya is of course the Masai Mara National Reserve, home to some of Africa’s best year-round game viewing as well as the annual Wildebeest Migration. Present in their hundreds of thousands from about August to November, the massive wildebeest and zebra herds attract constant attention from Africa’s top predators, and consequently visitor numbers are high in peak season (about June to October).

The biggest reason that the Masai Mara attracts the Migration is because its open, flat savannah produces superb grazing. There are few thickets, forests or high peaks: the wide landscape is a safari classic with green grass that turns golden as the seasons pass. The plains attract game like reticulated and Masai giraffe, topi, Thomson’s gazelle, and are dotted with occasional flat-topped acacia trees.

Northern Kenya

The further north you travel, the drier and hillier the landscape becomes as the area doesn’t benefit as much from the rains received by the south-west of Kenya.

That being said, there are still superb safari options here, including Samburu National Park, Lewa Wildlife Conservancy and Laikipia. The more arid conditions suit species like gerenuk, the Somali ostrich and Grevy’s zebra. Lewa is also the best place in Kenya to see rhino regularly and consistently. On a clear day, you may be lucky enough to see Mounts Kenya and Meru.

Southern Kenya

Because it shares the longest part of Kenya’s border with Tanzania, this is the best place to see snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa and the tallest free-standing mountain in the world. Kili actually lies in Tanzania, but Kenya’s Amboseli National Park is so close to the border that it boasts incredible vantage points.

This part of Kenya is wetter and the terrain more varied: Amboseli, for example, is a beautiful mix of open savannah, wetlands, woodlands and hills, making it ideal for a wide variety of species, from bat-eared foxes to elephants. Nearby are the Chyulu Hills and Tsavo East and West National Parks.

Way down on the south-eastern coast are some of Kenya’s best beaches. Hit Diani and nearby Galu for top beach lodges and water sports like kitesurfing. Head to Funzi Island for snorkelling and diving.

Getting Around

Kenya Travel Guide: Getting Around

A lion in close proximity to the safari vehicle in the Masai Mara, Kenya

International flights land and depart from Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) in Nairobi. It’s a major flight hub in East Africa and the gateway to the rest of Kenya.

Light aircraft flights for fly-in safaris to the Masai Mara, Amboseli, Samburu and other areas depart from Wilson Airport, which is about 15km (10mi) away from JKIA. Ensure you have time between your international flight and domestic flight to make the transfer between the two airports – it can take up to 90 minutes for the road transfer on a good day.

Chartered flights are a great way to get around Kenya, saving you long road transfers and allowing for more time on safari. Road transfers from bush airstrips to lodges are conducted in 4X4 safari vehicles.

Budgets

Kenya Safari Budget Planning Advice

It’s tricky to give costs for a Kenya safari because there are so many variables: the time of year you travel, the luxuriousness of the accommodation you prefer, whether you drive or fly between destinations, and what extra activities you add on like hot-air ballooning, spa treatments, mountain biking or even cultural visits.

At Go2Africa, we don’t sell one-size-fits-all packages. We prefer to match your budget to give you a tailor-made Kenya experience, splurging and saving where it makes sense for your individual needs. A bare-bones budget may involve sharing transport but then upgrading to the area’s best lodge. Or choosing a slightly more economical tented camp in order to spend a day or two longer on safari. There are no rules and thus no two Kenya safari itineraries are the same.

That being said, here is our Kenya travel guide with some ballpark figures for a safari, with transfers and accommodation included on a price-per-person-per-night (PPPN) basis:

4-Star Comfort 4-Star Luxury 5-Star Luxury
Low Season High Season Low Season High Season Low Season High Season
$375 – $450 $500 – $600 $600 – $700 $750 – $950 $1,000 – $1,150 $1,200 – $1,600

Don’t be shy to chat with your Africa Safari Expert about your budget and what you hope to get out of your vacation to Kenya. We advise clients to have an idea of a budget band that they feel comfortable working within and disclosing this at the earliest opportunity. This will hugely expedite the consultation process and you’ll arrive at your ideal itinerary sooner.

It’s easy to feel overwhelmed when thinking or talking about what you’re willing to invest in your first-time safari in Kenya, but knowing what budget we can work with has a massive impact on planning a safari to Kenya.

Tipping in Kenya

In Kenya, it is customary – but not obligatory or mandatory – to give tips to service staff in gratitude and thanks for good service. Cash tips are the norm and can be handed to the relevant member of staff, the lodge or camp manager, or placed in a staff tip box – most safari lodges have these.

It’s customary to tip taxi or shuttle drivers in Kenya; hotel, railway and airport porters; restaurant and bar staff; chambermaids; tour guides; game rangers and trackers; and golf caddies.

At restaurants and bars, 10–15% of your total bill is customary, although some establishments may include a service fee for larger groups.

For transfers, consider tipping about US$5 per couple in your group. Game lodge staff can be tipped about US$15 per couple per day, and rangers and trackers about US$10–15 per couple per day.

For more information about how to tip on safari, have a look at our complete tipping guide.

Best Accommodation

Kenya Safari Guide: Accommodation

Accommodation in Kenya ranges from down-to-earth mobile camps that move with the Wildebeest Migration to very lavish lodges and modern city hotels. Here is our Kenya travel guide on some tried-and-tested favourites across the country:

Nairobi

Nairobi, Kenya
Nairobi Tented Camp one of the tents Exterior of tent Lounge area Wildlife Guest tent. A unique safari destination. Exterior view of the tent.

Nairobi Tented Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Day tours Game drives Sundowners
Nairobi, Kenya
Exterior of Hemingways Nairobi. Entrance to Hemingways Nairobi. A plush bar with leather seats. Elegantly furnished in contemporary-chic décor. View of the swimming pool. The open wine cellar. King-sized beds with Egyptian cotton sheets.

Hemingways Nairobi

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Day tours Spa treatments
Nairobi, Kenya
The perfect kiss. Wildlife roaming the grounds. Karen Blixen bedroom suite balcony. Karen Blixen bedroom suite. View from Karen Blixen bedroom suite. Lynn bathroom. Lynn bedroom.

The Giraffe Manor

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Animal interactive experience Day tours High tea on offer

Masai Mara

Masai Mara, Kenya
Tented camp located in the Mara Naboisho Conservancy. Encounter Mara is a luxury, tented camp. A truly memorable safari away from the crowds. All meals at Encounter Mara are fully inclusive. Luxurious and spacious tents. Twin vanities and a fantastic view. Relax in the lounge tent.

Encounter Mara

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
4x4 Drives Bird watching Bush dining Children's activities
Masai Mara, Kenya

Kichwa Tembo Tented Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Bird watching Bush dining Cultural visits Game drives
Masai Mara, Kenya
One of the most romantic and beautiful spots in Kenya. Sit on your private verandah and watch a sensational African sunset. Views from your bedroom. Bedroom suite at Angama Mara. Private dinners may be arranged in your room or outdoors. Endless views of the Mara from your bedroom. En suite bathroom at Angama Mara.

Angama Mara

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
4x4 Drives Bird watching Game drives Guided walking safaris

Amboseli National Park

Amboseli National Park, Kenya
Ambiance of the lanterns at your tent at dusk.  Elephants enjoy a wallow in the waterhole. Dramatic skies in Amboseli. The mess tent. Game drives with knowledgeable guides. View wildlife from the hide. Tent interior.

Porini Amboseli Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Bird watching Cultural visits Full-day safaris Game drives
Amboseli National Park, Kenya
Sighting at Tortilis Camp. Swimming pool Swimming pool area Private House-Double bed Family tent balcony Sundowners in front of Kilimanjaro. Bar and lounge area

Tortilis Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Bird watching Bush dining Cultural visits Game drives
Amboseli National Park, Kenya
The en-suite bathrooms are also uniquely constructed, with hand-crafted bathtubs and special metallic detail. Satao Elerai Camp offers a truly special safari experience in the heart of Amboseli. The tents are spacious and comfortable, with their own private decks. Each bedroom features eclectic style and decor, including hand-crafted wooden beds. Return to camp after a morning's game drive and enjoy a refreshing swim in the rim-flow pool. The local Maasai are often seen with their goats and cattle. In the evening, the camp is lit up to provide a soft light over the outdoor dining area.

Satao Elerai Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Game drives Guided walking safaris Local village visits Night drives

Samburu National Reserve

Samburu, Kenya
An off-the-beaten-path setting doesn't mean you won't enjoy fabulous cuisine at Samburu Intrepids. Set under shady acacia trees, the camp's raised suites look out over the Uaso Nyiro River. Draped mosquito nets & colonial-chic details give each suite an old-world look & feel. Each of the canvas & thatched chalets has an en suite bathroom with all the creature comforts. Raised off the ground to catch river breezes, the dining room sits under a grand, palm-thatched roof. Spot-lit at night, the camp's swimming pool makes for cool relief at any time of day. Families will love the extra space & convenience of the inter-connected family tent.

Samburu Intrepids

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Bird watching Bush dining Cultural visits Game drives
Samburu, Kenya

Saruni Samburu

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Bird watching Bush dining Cultural visits Game drives
Samburu, Kenya
Sasaab Camp features nine spacious Moroccan-inspired tents. Sasaab Camp suites have private plunge pools. Enjoy a dinner with a view over Uaso Nyiro River . Samburu traditional dancing. A thrilling helicopter ride over Northern Kenya. Have fun quad biking in Kenya's Samburu National Reserve.

SaSaab Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Bush dining Camel rides Children's activities Cultural visits

Lewa & Laikipia

Laikipia, Kenya
The beautiful infinity pool transports you into the African plains and is an ideal spot to relax during the day. All suites at Loisaba Tented Camp have a private deck with lounger chairs and a superb panoramic view. Explore Laikipia and its basalt hills on horseback. Stone paths weave between lodge buildings, taking you to shaded lookouts & comfortable lounges.
Set in nearly 60 000 acres of private wilderness, Loisaba Tented Camp offers views that are little short of epic.
Recline with a loved one and celebrate the tranquillity of the African bush with a great bottle of wine.
Natural tones and textures blend seamlessly with the outside landscape, but retain a contemporary and stylish edge.

Loisaba Tented Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Biking Bush dining Camel rides Fishing
Laikipia, Kenya
Exterior of Solio Lodge. Amazing sighting while having a drink. Cubs on alert. Horse back safari on offer. Game drive. Spacious suites. Enchanting fireplace and exceptional views from your suite.

Solio Lodge

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Game drives Guided walks Helicopter flights Horse riding
Kenya, Kenya
Porini Rhino Camp is peacefully located in a 90,000 acre wildlife conservancy Camp exterior. Tent interior of Porini Rhino Camp. Maasai guides and staff take pride in showcasing the landscapes and wildlife of their home country. The tents are wide and open and allow light and cool breezes in. Fantastic game viewing. Visit the rescued chimpanzee sanctuary.

Porini Rhino Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Bird watching Cultural visits Full-day safaris Game drives

Diani & The Coast

Diani Beach, Kenya
Exterior of swimming pool and main house Drone Luxury bedroom Bahari Garden View Room Outside Area and Swimming pool Sun-bed with a view

AfroChic Diani

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Beach activities Day tours Golf Kite surfing
Diani Beach, Kenya
Family lunch on the beach. Beach sleep setup on Galu Beach. Mama Taa main lounge area. Traditional sailboat trips. Shimba Hills sundowners Family-friendly boutique beach hotel Boat rides from Galu Beach.

Kinondo Kwetu

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Boat excursions Canoeing Cultural visits Day tours
Kenya beaches, Kenya
The menu reflects seasonal food & local fresh produce; personalised menus on request. Ceiling fans & draped mosquito nets ensure a good night's sleep. The Ocean Spirit Beach Bar is the place to be as the sun goes down. Catch a cool ocean breeze as you dine at the in-house Tides restaurant The suites at Waterlovers are tucked away in the shade, just back from the beach. Families will love the private six-sleeper villa - this is the top floor, complete with en suite bathroom. Air-conditioned interiors blend simple luxury with an organic, ethnic feel.

WaterLovers Beach Resort

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Beach activities Beach within walking distance Dhow cruises Fishing
Wildlife

Wildlife, the Wildebeest Migration & the Big 5

governors-camp

Kenya is a safari hotspot because it offers fantastic year-round game viewing, thanks to its moderate climate and wide-open spaces. Birders and photographers flock here too, and the Masai Mara is the perfect destination for first-time safari-goers in Kenya for numerous reasons:

  • Because the land is so flat and open, it’s really easy to get a 360-degree view and to spot animals. Many Kenya safari guides don’t work with trackers because seeing the game is very easy – unlike the Kruger National Park in South Africa, for example, where a tracker is vital as game can be hidden by the thick vegetation.
  • Long-standing conservation projects means that animals are generally plentiful and in good condition.
  • Roads are well-maintained and English is widely spoken.
  • Special relationships between tribal land owners, the government, conservationists and safari operators mean that the careful balance between human, natural and agricultural needs is maintained.

The Great Wildebeest Migration

Arguably Kenya’s biggest wildlife gem: the crossing of about two million wildebeest (and zebra and gazelle) over the Mara River into the Masai Mara National Reserve to feast on fresh grazing. They hang about for about four or five months, slowly mowing the Mara between about August and November, when they cross back into Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park.

It’s crucial to keep the following in mind when planning a safari to Kenya to see the Migration:

  • It’s a major safari highlight so book up to a year in advance to get your first choice of accommodation.
  • It’s impossible to know exactly when the wildebeest will cross the Mara River – they decide and the mind of a gnu is pretty inscrutable. They don’t all cross in one place at the same time either: large groups will cross at different places on different days. This suspense is what makes safari so exciting.
  • Predators make the most of the arrival of prey. Chases and kills may be exciting but they’re also not for the faint-hearted.
  • This is an extremely popular phenomenon – it’s better to stay in one of the Mara’s private conservancies that are contiguous with the national reserve to avoid the crowds.

The Big 5

safari-5_ol-pejeta-bush-camp

Although Kenya is technically a Big 5 destination in the sense that lion, leopard, buffalo, elephant and rhino are found here, it’s difficult to see them all in the same place. Rhino are the rarest and very difficult to find – although some do still live in the Masai Mara, they are very seldom seen.

It’s much easier to find leopards, lions, buffalo and elephant. The Migration brings out predators en masse and although they aren’t part of the Big 5, cheetah are ideally adapted to the Mara’s wide, flat, open plains that allow them to reach top speed with few obstacles. Witnessing a cheetah chase down its prey is truly one of the most thrilling game-viewing experiences you can have.

If you want to see rhino, then head to the Lewa Wildlife Conservancy. It has a successful and highly sophisticated conservation project that has seen these gentle giants thrive. Lewa is a safe haven for the critically endangered black rhino, as well as endangered Grevy’s zebra and wild dog. Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya’s Laikipia region is another fantastic destination to see rhino. Ol Pejeta is home to two of the world’s last remaining northern white rhinos, and a sanctuary for endangered black rhinos.

Lewa Wildlife Conservancy, Kenya
Exterior of the Lewa Wilderness Lodge Interior of the bedroom and lounge Bedroom with the deck area Lewa Wilderness Lodge Bar Bush breakfast Camel trekking activity Dining area

Lewa Wilderness Lodge

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
Camel rides Game drives Guided walks Horse riding
Kenya, Kenya
Family room. Guest tent extrior. View from the main tent. Rhino on a game drive. Ol Pejeta Electric Game Drive. Safari sundowners at camp.

Ol Pejeta Bush Camp

Activities Travellers Enjoyed
4x4 Drives Animal rehabilitation experience Animal tracking experience Bird watching
When to Go

Kenya Safari Guide: Best Time to Go

Family friendly tours and safaris in the Masai Mara, Kenya

Getting your timing right depends on many things. Some travellers are locked by their personal schedules into a very specific time-frame, others want to go when they can get the best rates, while others want to go during peak safari season.

Low / Green Season High / Peak Season
When November to March June to October
Christmas to New Year
Accommodation Rates Low High
Weather Hot with occasional afternoon thundershowers Cool and dry
Game Viewing Highlights Migrant birds arrive – fantastic time for birdwatching
Birthing season – lots of baby animals around
Wildebeest Migration river crossings
Landscape Lush and green Dry and dusty
Wildebeest Migration  No Yes
6. Best For…

Traveller Types: Kenya is Best for…

Kenya is an exciting destination for travellers with many options depending on your travel style:

Traveller Recommendation
First-time visitors on a Kenya safari Round trip: Nairobi, Amboseli & Masai Mara
Second-time visitors to Africa Samburu, Laikipia & Lewa
Photographers & birdwatchers Low / Green Season
Bush-&-beach breaks Combine safari with time in Diani
Adventure seekers Laikipia for walking-, camelback- & fly-camping safaris
Mount Kenya for hiking
Kenyan coast for scuba diving
Eco-tourists Lewa, Laikipia & Mara Conservancies
Cultural tourists Samburu, Masai Mara & Amboseli

Solo travellers, families and honeymooners should tailor their safari to their interests – if you love camping at home, for example, then consider time in an authentic tented camp. If you enjoy the high life, superb food and lavish spa treatments, then Kenya offers honeymooners and couples lots of luxury accommodation options.

As always, chatting with one of our Africa Safari Experts will uncover the best possible accommodation options for your personal travel wishes.

7. Health & Safety

Health & Safety

Kenya is a very safe country to visit. Its tourism industry is one of the most important in the country and thousands of travellers go on safari safely every month. As with all overseas travel, it’s important to keep some pointers in mind:

  • Check with your travel clinic if you need vaccinations and be sure to get them timeously.
  • The risk of malaria is low during Green Season and very low during peak season. Check with your doctor about taking precautions. If you are going scuba diving afterwards, be sure to let them know so they can ensure they prescribe the correct prophylactic.
  • The risk of malaria is higher if you are going into rural areas and villages outside the parks and reserves.
  • Drink plenty of water and wear sunscreen and a hat. Even in winter, the African sun can affect those not used to it.
  • Don’t overdo alcoholic beverages. It’s fun to partake of sundowners, drinks and nightcaps but wake-up calls are early on safari!
  • Get enough sleep and stick to dedicated smoking areas (lodges are often made of timber and thatch so are flammable).
  • Don’t keep food in your tent or room as the smell attracts wild animals.
  • Don’t walk around camp after dark, even if it is fenced. Wait for an escort to walk with you.
  • Always obey your Kenya safari guide’s instructions. Even if they seem ‘tame’, the animals are still wild. Never try to pet them, walk up to them or attract them in any way.
What to Wear

Kenya Travel Guide: What to Wear on Safari

safari-9_kichwa-tembo-tented-camp

What to include in your Kenya safari packing list depends on the time of year you are visiting, the activities you will be undertaking and the luggage restrictions on the transport you will be using. Bear in mind that some hotels and lodges have laundry services, so you don’t need multiple changes of clothing.

Kenyans generally dress casually in shorts, jeans, sandals and trainers. This attire is acceptable in public places unless otherwise stated. Restaurants and hotels do sometimes have dress codes, which are usually smart- or business-casual. Be sure to dress modestly if you are visiting a cultural centre or a place of worship.

Your Kenya safari packing list should include lightweight clothing in neutral colours such as khaki, brown, beige or green. Avoid white – it will get dirty quickly – and black, which can get very hot during the day and may attract mosquitoes at night. Trousers with removable, zippered lower legs are very practical as they can double as shorts.

Early-morning game drives in open vehicles can be very chilly, but the day will heat up quickly as the sun rises – so it’s always best to dress in layers. Evening drives can also be cold, so consider a beanie, scarf and gloves if you’re on safari during Kenya’s winter months (June to August).

8. Combines Best With…

Kenya Combines Well With…

Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, is a transport hub for East Africa and it’s quite easy to get to other high-profile destinations in Africa.

Country Why Visit?
Malawi Incredible snorkelling on Lake Malawi
Uganda Fantastic gorilla trekking in Bwindi
Zimbabwe See Victoria Falls plus classic safari
Zambia Enjoy Victoria Falls plus a walking safari
Tanzania Safari on the Serengeti and Big 5 viewing in Ngorongoro Crater
South Africa Visit Cape Town, the Garden Route and the Kruger National Park

Of course, if you have the funds and time, then you can combine Kenya with any African destination like the Seychelles, Namibia or even Botswana.

Popular Trip Ideas

Popular Kenya Safari Itinerary Ideas

The below is a Kenya safari guide on tried-and-tested trip ideas that are completely customisable to meet your personal travel wishes.

Affordable Kenya Safaris

These trips offer affordable Kenya safaris, combining accommodations that offer extremely comfortable facilities in fantastic locations, authentic safari experiences, and great value for money:

Luxury Kenya Safaris

Not only will you stay in the finest accommodations and beautiful locations, but the below luxury Kenya safaris also give you the opportunity to experience unique activities like camelback safaris and traditional village visits. And there’s no better way to crown your luxury Kenya safari than with some R&R on a tropical island…